3 Top Credit Reporting Agencies

3 Top Credit Reporting Agencies in the industry: A Complete Guide


Do you plan to rebuild your credit soon? You should have basic knowledge of the 3 Top Credit Reporting Agencies beforehand. Their services, responsibilities, mode of operations, laws regulating the bureau, and other necessary information. 

Imagine the credit business—credit reports and credit ratings —as a major undertaking, particularly one that has risk with specific procedures. Sweat from morning till night when you don’t know the procedures, you can’t get results. No way!

The 3 Top Credit Reporting Agencies gather and distribute customers’ credit data; with the capacity to influence financial performance.

3 Top Credit Reporting Agencies; Equifax, Experian, And Transunion.
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Identification of the 3 Top Credit Reporting Agencies?

You may wonder which companies precisely are the 3 Top Credit Reporting Agencies. They are TransUnion, Experian, and Equifax. 

These 3 Top Credit Reporting Agencies gather similar data about users in most cases. Moreover, their information, including procedures differ a bit.

The three Top Credit Reporting Agencies log a report on how various individuals handle credit, for instance, educational loans for scholars, home loans, auto loans, and credit cards. Besides, these bureaus report information, including bankruptcies and clinical bills; if at all, they direct you to a debt collector. 

The Consumer Protection statute

Just as major credit report agencies have nothing to do with the national authorities, the credit affairs sector is answerable to the national and provincial constitutions. Hence, credit reporting agencies should act according to the “consumer protection statute” conditions referred to as (FCRA) Fair Credit Reporting Act.  

One of the integral factors influencing one’s financial affairs is Credit scores. It plays a significant part in your financial position. Credit scores are indispensable. Nevertheless, the top Credit Reporting Agencies have only started to exist for a short time despite a millennium years that the world has existed.    

Before credit reporting agencies came to light, creditors and financial institutions lent out money mainly based on a person’s personality or good reputation. Once a bank staff could attest a customer has been so honest in his dealings with worthy character, they are likely to grant such approval for a loan.

Back then, identity verifications were about inquiring about your credentials or probably visiting a customer’s residence to observe their living standard and how they survive.  

As time passed, while the society left villages to towns, banks looked for an improved method to evaluate a person’s resourcefulness ( that is, to have enough money) to settle all debts.   

Subsequently, companies now have logbooks aside and note down customers with zero tolerance when settling payments owed. The firm also marks the calibers of people that refuse to pay bills on time. 

The first critics of the credit reporting agencies gained attention. It went viral among financial institutions and creditors that then started to gain access to their logbooks.   


Equifax started the year 1899; at the time, the firm promote it’s label as a Retail Credit Company. Definitely, Equifax is one of the 3 Top Credit Reporting Agencies. 

While Equifax is in its primitive years, the agency mostly focused on gathering information on those looking forward to buying insurance protection. 

In 1975 was when they modified their identity to Equifax. 


The same to Experian likewise, the agency had started with a different brand name. 

In 1968, Experian came on board as a company with Credit Data; at the early times of its operations, the agency started under “TRW Information Systems and Services.” 


TransUnion started up in 1968, while its line of credit reporting exploded noticeably in the year 1969 when it collected 3.6M user accounts in a company with Cook County’s Credit reporting agency.

In the past years, every one of the 3 Top Credit Reporting Agencies encountered several growths, partnerships, and a change of identity. 

The business continued to exist mostly ungoverned until the FCRA of 1971 legislation.

What’s the responsibility of the credit bureau?

The credit reporting agency is responsible for collating information related to a person’s identity and finances from different companies, individuals, including moneylenders.

Moneylenders referred to here may be credit card firms, financial institutions, creditors for home loans, etc. These agencies send in records to credit reporting agencies from time to time.

The content in the report tells the bureau how prompt a customer pays their bill without delay, the amount of cash taken as a loan, and the debts on their neck.   

There’s a gainsaying that moneylenders have the rightful responsibility to send customers’ information to the credit reporting agency.

The truth is moneylenders only have the responsibility to relay correct items. Also, they may decide not to send in no information whatsoever at their discretion. 

First, the credit reporting agency files a consumer’s credit use and data into one piece. This way, creditors could conveniently check a copy of anyone’s financial performance quickly. And the likelihood for a customer not to pay debts on time or fulfill legal agreements.

In what way the 3 Top Credit Reporting Agencies generate revenue? 

The 3 top credit reporting agencies generate revenue by offering the information they collate for sale. 

As credit bureaus retrieve lots of data willingly from moneylenders, at the same time, they as well source more data from public records, as well as the judiciary.

The information collated by the credit report agencies is so important that it’s worth gold to creditors.

The credit summary/report helps evaluate if a new borrower is at low or high credit risk. Besides, creditors could use the credit score to decide the level of interest rate you should pay.

The 3 Top Credit Reporting Agencies is answerable to who?

The 3 top credit reporting agencies are money-making oriented, public corporations—and not national companies.

Notwithstanding, Credit bureau operations are subject to control by the rules stated under consumer finance protections, just as the Fair Credit Reporting Act. Likewise, the state constitutions provide customers further protection beyond the national regulations.

In 2012, the (CFPB) Consumer Financial Protection Bureau operated as a company on behalf of the national authorities at the helm of looking after the credit reporting agency. Also, formulated regulations that control the credit bureau.

How is credit bureaus different from other banks  

While the credit reporting agencies exclude from the national authorities, they are neither banks also. 

The 3 top credit reporting agencies have dealings with financial institutions and other creditors. Yet, they are unique and different from other financial institutions, mortgages, and finance companies. 

Similarly, the credit reporting agencies are of the same class as FICO, although different.

Sometimes, “Credit score is synonymous with “FICO score,” and vice versa.” For your information, FICO is a registered trademark. There’s no other credit scoring method aside that—notwithstanding, everyone could identify it. However, aside from the FICO of a thing, many others are very common.   

In 1981, Fair Isaac Corporation (FICO) introduced it; the FICO score is among the multiple credit scoring systems planned to determine a consumer’s risk of default or not. While you confirm your credit score, the 3-digit figure you see ranging from 300 and 850 is the FICO score.  

FICO determines and computes the score according to many parameters, including banking record, overall money owed, credit samples, credit reports, and extent of pulls. 

Check out five factors impacting credit score to beware of

myFICO is one of the ways to generate a FICO score without any redirect. When you generate credit history from any three credit reporting agencies, the score you’d notice should increase or reduce to the FICO score. That’s so since all reporting agencies have their exclusive scoring model. 

A consumer’s freedom to get a credit report for free 

In 2003, Congress legalized the (FACTA) Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions; FCRA revised it. According to FACTA, customers can get a credit report for free provided by all three credit reporting agencies annually

Browse www.annualcreditreport.com to receive your credit report for free. Another alternative to do this is through a telephone dial by placing calls on (877) 322-8228 to request a credit report.

How To Get Your Credit Report(s) For Free

As stated by the regulations, a consumer can receive each credit history separately or the three reports provided by all three credit reporting agencies at once.

Once you access the credit report for free, you must confirm the data by every one of the three credit reporting agencies. The reason is that it’s not all moneylenders report to every one of the three credit reporting agencies. Therefore a report may have different details from another report.  

A consumer’s freedom to file a query of an Error item

As stated by (FTC) Federal Trade Commission, 1 out of 5 customers have a mistake on their credit history, even if it’s just one. The regular ones are inaccurate personal data and incorrect addresses.

Though you may see the error as nothing, the fact is the credit reporting agencies misrepresent you as a different person. So, you have to take it seriously.

Another thing to suspect is whether an identity thief has sneaked into your data. Let’s say you notice any incorrect address or other mistaken personal information. You can go ahead to put in an official request for a dispute. 

Other mistakes on a Credit Report

More mistakes to notice on a Credit report are two identical accounts, updates on lines of credit limit no longer in use, inaccurate banking records. And a deactivated account marked active.

If you spot a mistake, feel free to dispute such. As it happens, According to the FCRA assures a customer’s liberty to dispute mistakes found on the credit report. Just as the credit reporting agency has the legal right to correct any error, the consumer is at it’s discretion to notice the inaccuracy.

Also, you may prefer to arrange a dispute online, by email, or via cellular mobile. See the table under for contact information of the respective dispute desks for every one of the credit reporting agencies:

Basic info of 3 Top Credit Reporting Agencies 

URL (Site Address)https://dispute.transunion.com www.experian.com/acrdispute http://www.equifax.com/personal/disputes 
Posting AddressP.O. Box 2000Chester, PA 19016P.O. Box 2000Chester, PA 19016P.O. Box 740256Atlanta, GA 30374-0256

More customer’s liberty as stated in FACTA and FCRA 

Apart from the freedom to get a credit report for free, several rights are there in the FACTA and FCRA. Creditors are subject to the rules provided by the customer protection rules, enabling them some privilege. 

Creditors should notify borrowers as they conclude to charge interest on any debt. 

For instance, assuming you request a credit card. And, the creditor disapprove the request due to the data found on the credit history; he must draft a note and notify you reason for doing that.

Get a reward if a creditor acts contrary to the FCRA regulations. 

Disturbing approaches to collection, like nonstop telephone dials, intimidation of court cases, or detention, could get the moneylender in a tight spot. It could be as worse as you could settle up penalty charges to borrowers.

A Liberty to ask for a financial penalty as stated in FACTA rules

In the list of FACTA’s main terms, you’d find it disallows companies from writing beyond five figures of a borrower’s credit card number on invoices or sales slips. If a company repeats this regularly for several borrowers upon another, it’ll surprise you to see sanctions up to thousands.    

Enforce a Scam notice or Credit freeze

Security or credit freeze is a system that prevents new creditors and the credit bureaus from accessing your credit account. 

Are you aware that as of 2017, a number more than 16.7M of the populace suffered identity impersonation/fraud? Merely a credit card stolen could impact someone’s credit score to a great extent. Likewise, the recovery procedures can also last for months or years.   

Assuming a customer misplaces their credit card or throws away her handbag, it’s necessary to keep your credit score safe. Do that by Setting a Scam notice or credit freeze for your credit account with the credit reporting agencies. With the warning on a credit account, there’s no way identity frauds could misappropriate the credit having your name as the user. 

While you plan to start the process, you should set a scam warning ready before anything else. 

That should persist for up to 90 days. The system necessitates moneylenders to confirm a customer’s personal information before adding to your credit. You pay zero for scam warnings; likewise, you have a choice to allow it as much as seven years; perhaps you think it’s important to you. 

In contrast, A credit freeze stops new creditors from accessing the borrower’s credit report.

If you’d like to allow a creditor to check, you need to “unfreeze” your credit report for every new creditor, though it’s stressful. However, it can be important if you have once suffered identity fraud/impersonation.     

How is Credit reporting a plus? 

Some don’t appreciate the credit reporting business like they don’t give a damn about it. Commentaries have it that relating someone’s resourcefulness to take a loan to their credit score could trick anyone into poverty. Let’s say you have poor credit; you’d likely find it hard to purchase a car, get a job, or pay for the use of accommodation temporarily.   

In contrast, fans of 3 top credit reporting agencies comment that the idea has its benefits.

Meanwhile, modern procedures are better than the yesteryear borrowing methods that draw upon human reputation, financial position, or verbal evidence.

With that approach, creditors can treat consumers unfairly (favoritism) according to one’s ethnic group, sex, with some other attributes. Current regulations control the information credit reporting agencies can pick up samples.  

Furthermore, some scholars claim the credit reporting system paves the way for more customer loans by securitizing assets and turning loans into securities. That merges the vast majority of each person’s bills into a bulkier asset and liability stock. For instance, there’s the possibility for a variety of home loans filed as one.    

Through that, shareholders could buy equities from all the files, then make earnings via the overall stockpile of funds. It reduces the shareholder’s total risk since they are not subject to just a single mortgage made payment at the right time monthly.

More Loan

Since creditors have a chance to push part of the risk to third-party shareholders, they could make space for more money to allow for a further loan. 

Generally, securitization reduces risk; as a result, it reduces possible interests and makes loans easy to get. Gurus in the industry claim that credit scoring benefits creditors likewise stockholders; it measures risk without errors.    

Though some don’t accept that credit reporting is useful, it’s evident the procedures should last till the future generations. 

As the case may be, there’s no way one could prevent creditors from providing an account of your data.

Certainly, you should be able to control what the data appears to be. To do this, adhere to the best procedures to have good credit. It’s as simple as making payments at the right time, watching over your credit utilization, likewise keeping a good combination of credit samples on your credit report.    

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